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FTP: file transfer protocol

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FTP gives you the ability to give and take between computers -- to transfer files! So, what's the big deal? Well, you can login at any of the thousands of "sites" available world-wide and download text, graphics, multimedia files, and freeware or shareware software programs. ( Freeware is free software. Shareware is software you can obtain for free, and the authors ask you send a contribution to help cover costs. All of the Internet software made available to you here is share ware.)

Here is how it works:
When the program is started, you will be placed in the SESSION PROFILE window. You can define separate profiles for each major site you access. Here is what you want to enter in this window for a typical session:

  • HOST NAME: The FTP site you want to go to. (ex: or
  • USER ID: Anonymous for many FTP sites, however; requires a user name.
  • PASSWORD: Your email address will work for most anonymous sites (, or the password that goes with your user name.
  • REMOTE HOST (DIRECTORY): what directory you want to be in at the remote site. Usually this will be in the /pub directory, but this varies according to site. If you are trying to post html to your website, you will need to be in a directory like: /home/myname/public_html
  • LOCAL PC: your local directory for uploading/downloading files.


    1. Remember, when FTPing to a particular site, to try and do so between 5PM and 6AM local time at the site, as the site's computers may be occupied during business hours.
    2. Some sites (like do not allow anonymous logins. You must have a username and password.
    3. Text files must be sent in ascii mode. Graphics, sounds, multimedia and executable files must be sent in binary mode.
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